POT – Le guide de l’utilisateur de cannabis… par la police de Seattle, Washington, USA.
19 novembre 2012
POT – Le guide de l’utilisateur de cannabis… par la police de Seattle
Comme le relate le Seattle Times, l'Etat de Washington dans le nord-ouest des Etats-Unis a légalisé l'usage récréatif du cannabis. Avec le Colorado, c'est le deuxième Etat à afficher son opposition à la politique fédérale en matière de stupéfiants. A partir du 6 décembre, il sera possible pour les adultes de 21 ans et plus de posséder une once de cannabis, soit 28,35 grammes.
Face à cette évolution de la législation locale, la police de Seattle a mis en ligne un guide pratique à l'attention des utilisateurs afin de préciser ce qui va changer pour eux. Elle précise que celui-ci écrit uniquement le point de vue de la police de Seattle. "La possession et la vente de marijuana reste illégale en vertu des lois fédérales, et la police de Seattle ne peut pas prévoir ou contrôler les activités d'application des autorités fédérales", indique-t-elle.
Intitulé Marijwhatnow ?, le petit guide rencontre un certain succès avec plus de 30 000 likes sur Facebook, grâce, sans doute, au ton employé, plutôt éloigné du vocabulaire classique de la police, détaille The Independent.
Que se passe-t-il si je me fais prendre avec de la marijuana avant le 6 décembre ?
Réponse de la police : Retenez votre souffle.
Où puis-je désormais acheter de l'herbe légalement ?
– Le bureau de contrôle des liqueurs de l'Etat de Washington travaille à l'élaboration des règles relatives à la vente de marijuana. En attendant, la production et la distribution de marijuana non thérapeutique reste illégale.
Les officiers de police ont-ils le droit de fumer de la marijuana ?
– Jusqu'ici non. C'est encore une question très compliquée.
Que se passe-t-il si je suis arrêté, que je suis sobre, mais qu'un officier ou son ami canin renifle la super skunk que j'ai dans mon coffre ?
– Selon les lois de l'Etat, les officiers de police doivent avoir des raisons précises de fouiller un conteneur fermé. Chaque cas est différent, mais l'odeur d'herbe ne saurait être une raison suffisante pour fouiller un véhicule.
Preuve supplémentaire de l'humour des policiers de Seattle le post se conclut sur un extrait du Seigneur des anneaux dans lequel Bilbo Baggins savoure la meilleure herbe de Southfarthing…
Lord of the Rings - The Finest Weed
Marijwhatnow? A Guide to Legal Marijuana Use In Seattle
Written by Jonah Spangenthal-Lee on November 9, 2012 at 10:22 am
The people have spoken. Voters have passed Initiative 502 and beginning December 6th, it is not a violation of state law for adults over 21 years old to possess up to an ounce of marijuana (or 16 ounces of solid marijuana-infused product, like cookies, or 72 ounces of infused liquid, like oil) for personal use. The initiative establishes a one-year period for the state to develop rules and a licensing system for the marijuana production and sale.
Marijuana has existed in a grey area in Seattle for some time now. Despite a longstanding national prohibition on marijuana, minor marijuana possession has been the lowest enforcement priority for the Seattle Police Department since Seattle voters passed Initiative 75 in 2003. Officers don’t like grey areas in the law. I-502 now gives them more clarity.
Marijuana legalization creates some challenges for the Seattle Police Department, but SPD is already working to respond to these issues head on, by doing things like reviewing SPD’s hiring practices for police officers to address now-legal marijuana usage by prospective officers, as well as current employees.
While I-502 has decriminalized marijuana possession in Washington, the new state law does not change federal law, which classifies marijuana as a Schedule I narcotic. All Seattle Police officers have taken an oath to uphold not only state law, but federal law as well. However, SPD officers will follow state law, and will no longer make arrests for marijuana possession as defined under I-502.
The Seattle Police Department and Mayor Mike McGinn have already begun working with state officials to navigate this conflict, and follow the direction of Washington voters to legalize marijuana.
In the meantime, the Seattle Police Department will continue to enforce laws against unlicensed sale or production of marijuana, and regulations against driving under the influence of marijuana, which remain illegal.
Here’s a practical guide for what the Seattle Police Department believes I-502 means for you, beginning December 6th, based on the department’s current understanding of the initiative Please keep in mind that this is all subject to ongoing state and local review, and that it describes the view of the Seattle Police Department only. All marijuana possession and sale remains illegal under federal law, and Seattle Police cannot predict or control the enforcement activities of federal authorities.
Can I legally carry around an ounce of marijuana?
According to the recently passed initiative, beginning December 6th, adults over the age of 21 will be able to carry up to an ounce of marijuana for personal use. Please note that the initiative says it “is unlawful to open a package containing marijuana…in view of the general public,” so there’s that. Also, you probably shouldn’t bring pot with you to the federal courthouse (or any other federal property).
Well, where can I legally buy pot, then?
The Washington State Liquor Control Board is working to establish guidelines for the sale and distribution of marijuana. The WSLCB has until December 1, 2013 to finalize those rules. In the meantime, production and distribution of non-medical marijuana remains illegal.
Does I-502 affect current medical marijuana laws?
No, medical marijuana laws in Washington remain the same as they were before I-502 passed.
Can I grow marijuana in my home and sell it to my friends, family, and co-workers?
Not right now. In the future, under state law, you may be able to get a license to grow or sell marijuana.
Can I smoke pot outside my home? Like at a park, magic show, or the Bite of Seattle?
Much like having an open container of alcohol in public, doing so could result in a civil infraction—like a ticket—but not arrest. You can certainly use marijuana in the privacy of your own home. Additionally, if smoking a cigarette isn’t allowed where you are (say, inside an apartment building or flammable chemical factory), smoking marijuana isn’t allowed there either.
Will police officers be able to smoke marijuana?
As of right now, no. This is still a very complicated issue.
If I apply for a job at the Seattle Police Department, will past (or current) marijuana use be held against me? The current standard for applicants is that they have not used marijuana in the previous three years. In light of I-502, the department will consult with the City Attorney and the State Attorney General to see if and how that standard may be revised.
What happens if I get pulled over and an officer thinks I’ve been smoking pot?
If an officer believes you’re driving under the influence of anything, they will conduct a field sobriety test and may consult with a drug recognition expert. If officers establish probable cause, they will bring you to a precinct and ask your permission to draw your blood for testing. If officers have reason to believe you’re under the influence of something, they can get a warrant for a blood draw from a judge. If you’re in a serious accident, then a blood draw will be mandatory.
What happens if I get pulled over and I’m sober, but an officer or his K9 buddy smells the ounce of Super Skunk I’ve got in my trunk?
Under state law, officers have to develop probable cause to search a closed or locked container. Each case stands on its own, but the smell of pot alone will not be reason to search a vehicle. If officers have information that you’re trafficking, producing or delivering marijuana in violation of state law, they can get a warrant to search your vehicle.
SPD seized a bunch of my marijuana before I-502 passed. Can I have it back?
Will SPD assist federal law enforcement in investigations of marijuana users or marijuana-related businesses, that are allowed under I-502?
No. Officers and detectives will not participate in an investigation of anything that’s not prohibited by state law.
December 6th seems like a really long ways away. What happens if I get caught with marijuana before then? Hold your breath. Your case will be processed under current state law. However, there is already a city ordinance making marijuana enforcement the lowest law enforcement priority.
I’m under 21. What happens if I get caught smoking pot?
It’s a violation of state law. It may referred to prosecutors, just like if you were a minor in possession of alcohol